Bible Proficiency Project
Week 46,  11/16 - 11/22, 2020

 

I.     Monday — Hebrews 4:14-6:20 The High Priest

1.     What comfort is to be found in 4:15 for the believer and in what way is Jesus a superior High Priest

       according to verse 15? 

2.    How and why are we to approach God’s throne? 

3.    In 5:1-4 what two personal things do we learn about those who would be priests (pastors)?  

4.    Who was Melchizedek and how was he unique as a priest? 

5.    In 5:7-11 Jesus is described as learning obedience. How are we to understand this? 

6.    What should your response be to 5:12-14? 

7.    In 6:4-12 what is the nature of the contrast and the purpose in it? 

8.    What does immutable mean and what are the two immutable things in 6:18? 

II.    Tuesday — Hebrews 7 Melchizedek

1.     What purpose does Melchizedek serve in Hebrews in chapter 7? 

2.    How is this used to show Jesus’ separation from the Levitical priesthood?  

3.    What command is annulled in verse 18? 

4.    What does Jesus offer that is faulty in the covenant of the OT system? 

5.    In 7:23-28 what are the better aspects to this covenant? 

III.   Wednesday — Hebrews 8 New Covenant

1.     What is the main point of what they are saying?

2.    According to 8:5 what purpose do earthly priests serve?  

3.    How do we know the earthly temple was a pattern or picture of the heavenly temple?

4.    What is this better covenant and what makes it better (v. 6)?

IV.   Thursday – Hebrews 9:1-10:18 Sanctuary, Sacrifice

1.     In verses 1-10 the Tabernacle and the Priest’s offering are described for what purpose?

2.    What is superior to the earthly tabernacle [9:11]?

3.    What is the first covenant in verse 15?

4.    What testament is being referred to in 9:16?

5.    In what way did Moses' dedication of the first covenant by the sprinkling of blood point to Christian

       baptism?

6.    In 9:23-28, why are we to no longer offer blood sacrifices?

7.    In 10:1-18 what is the sacrifice that God requires in the New Covenant?

V.    Sunday — Hebrews 10:19-12:29 Worship & Faith

1.     What is the basis for our boldness to approach God [10:19]?

2.    What things help us to hold fast our confession according to 10:23-25?

3.    What profit is there in spiritual endurance according to 10:36 and why is it needed?

4.    What is faith and is it without “facts” [11:1-2]?

5.    Why is chapter 11 called the Hall of Faith?

6.    What is the motivation we are taught in 12:1-2?

7.    What comfort is to be found in chastening [12:7]?

8.    What is significant about the place of NT worship as pictured in 12:22-24?

9.    Explain the significance of the shaken versus that which is not shaken?

Answers

I.     Monday — Hebrews 4:14-6:20 The High Priest

1.     One of the keys to the office of Christ as our Mediator is that He is our own flesh and has suffered like

       temptations overcoming them for us. But He is superior to the OT High Priest because He was without sins

       and so as He makes intercession for us He also offers Himself as our sacrifice. Furthermore, He does not

       need to offer a sacrifice for Himself first to then come before God. Moreover, He now serves as our

       mediator before God’s throne of grace to plead for our good.

2.    The throne here is described as one of grace where we come to obtain that which we have not earned or

       deserved. We do so to obtain mercy because the nature of mercy is to not receive what we deserve. That

       is the essence of grace. So then what is our time of need? This is added so that we might approach God for

       all things necessary for our salvation. But in a more specific sense, this points to the time of our being

       called to repent and believe (see Is 49:8 and 2Cor. 6:2).

3.    They should be consciously compassionate as understanding the nature of their own forgiveness, and

       secondly, this office or honor is not something that they take to themselves, but they must be called to it.

       The church thus must be proactive in identifying the gifts within young men and then encouraging them to

       prepare and then calling them.

4.    Melchizedek was the king of Salem mentioned in Gen. 14:18 and identified as a priest who pronounced

       God’s blessing on Abraham to who Abraham then tithed of the goods won in the battle to save the king of

       Sodom. Melchizedek is unique as a priest in that he is not a priest according to the Levitical system.

5.    We know from Jesus’ prayers that He understood the nature of the death He would have to endure and so

       in verse 7, it speaks of His prayers to be delivered from this death (both if there is another way, and from

       being left in it). But the having learned spoken of here was the experience of enduring the suffering so that

       as High Priest He would be sympathetic to what the sinner faces.

6.    You might feel guilty that you have not applied yourself more, or you might be stirred and motivated to

       exercise your reason to learn as much as you can.

7.    The intention here is that it is time to move on in the level of teaching and to recognize that there will be

       some who fall away.  But to those who are in Christ (v. 9) there is the encouragement to labor in the

       increase of faith and knowledge and build upon their testimony of faith through good works. Thus they are

       directed (v. 12) to imitate those who have demonstrated perseverance in the faith.

8.    The word immutable means to be unable to change (God is the same yesterday, today, and forever) thus

       when God speaks the Word that He speaks will not change (He cannot lie) and the second element added

       is that He swears an oath by His unchangeable character. So, both His Word not His Promise are

       immutable.

II.    Tuesday — Hebrews 7 Melchizedek

1.     This door is opened in 6:20 where Jesus is identified as a High Priest according to the order of

       Melchizedek. He is appealed to in chapter 7 to show that Jesus does not serve according to the way the

       High Priest did in the OT Levitical system.

2.    In 7:11-16, the point is that Jesus is a priest, but not from the family of Levi, that He might be that priest, like

       Melchizedek the children of Abraham would bow down before.  The Levitical priesthood was not designed

       to provide the perfection that comes through Christ.

3.    The command required the priest to come from the family of Levi.

4.    Verse 22 speaks of a better covenant that is one that is designed to bring in perfection rather than one that

       must be repeated endlessly with a flow of new priests. Jesus is our High Priest forever.

5.    A singular High Priest, separate from us regarding sin, who only had to make one sacrifice to bring

       complete salvation, and now He makes intercession for us.

III.   Wednesday — Hebrews 8 New Covenant

1.     Jesus is the High Priest of the everlasting Spiritual temple and the eternal High Priest. That is a sanctuary

       not made with human hands.

2.    They are a copy and shadow (type) of the heavenly.

3.    They point to Moses who was instructed upon the mountain (Exodus 25:40).

4.    In the OT the covenant was given in the context of the earthly deliverance, but in Christ, the covenant is

       reaffirmed in terms of the living and permanent nature of salvation through regeneration. This is the

       fulfillment of the words quoted here from Jeremiah 31:31-34.

IV.   Thursday – Hebrews 9:1-10:18 Sanctuary, Sacrifice

1.     The contrast to Christ is the purpose here as stated in verse 9 that the earthly was only symbolic. That as

       long as the earthly still existed it was designed to have the people look for a better way into the Holiest

       place.

2.    This is a reference to the heavenly reality upon which the earthly copy is based, a Tabernacle not of this

       creation. Christ is the one who brings in the better who supersedes the earthly and renders it useless.

3.    This would be a reference to the OT form of worship in Israel that had to be repeated over and over

       without accomplishing the forgiveness of sins.  Under the new covenant, all of that outward form

       associated with the first covenant is abolished.

4.    This word also means “covenant” and by Jesus’ death, the terms or inheritance of the covenant are

       realized.

5.    The OT form was sprinkled with actual blood that needed to be repeated, but in the NT Jesus’, blood is

       shed once for our sins. The sprinkling of water in Christian baptism points to Jesus' blood shed for the

       recipient and the inclusion of the person into the new covenant as a vessel of the spiritual Tabernacle.

6.    Verse 28 explains Christ offered once to bear the sins.

7.    It is the sacrifice of a broken and contrite heart that has been transformed through regeneration.

V.    Sunday — Hebrews 10:19-12:29 Worship & Faith

1.     It is the blood of Jesus or His finished work.

2.    God’s faithfulness and the fellowship or family nature of the church.

3.    This is another way of referring to the Christian’s perseverance of the saints.

4.    It is trusting in things not seen to happen (eternal life) but it is not without facts but rather based on the acts

       of God from creation to redemption.

5.    It appeals to historical figures whose lives exemplify faith.

6.    Based on how those saints before exemplified faith let us live likewise in pursuit of the reward of eternal

       life in dependence of God working in and through us.

7.    When God chastens us it is as Father seeking to correct His child that we might learn to do good and avoid

       evil.

8.    God’s people worship where God dwells. The difference between the OT in which they went to the

       mountain in fear, now we are brought into the heavenly heights in spiritual worship.

9.    The kingdom of heaven that we are promised is something that existed before creation in which God

       dwells. This creation shall pass away and a new heaven and earth will replace it. The significance for the

       Christian is that we are joined to that which is of divine existence in our becoming one with Christ.