Bible Proficiency Project
Week 39, 9/28 - 10/5, 2020

I.     Monday — Acts 25 Paul’s Appeal to Caesar

1.     What favor did the High Priest and chief men ask Festus when he visited Jerusalem and why?

2.    When Festus required them to come to Caesarea and accuse Paul what did they do?

3.    Why does Festus ask Paul to go to Jerusalem to be judged and what was Paul’s response?

4.    What does it mean that Paul appeals to Caesar in verse 25:11 and why does he do it?

5.    Why did Festus say that he brought Paul before King Agrippa?

II.    Tuesday —Acts 26

1.     How does Paul go about sharing the gospel with King Agrippa?

2.    What doctrine does Paul zero in on with Agrippa?

3.    What testimony does Paul give to be a witness to God’s saving grace?

4.    What do you think about Paul’s statement that God spoke to him in the Hebrew language?

5.    What was the outcome of Paul’s conversation with Agrippa?

III.   Wednesday — Acts 27 Paul’s Voyage to Rome

1.     What happened on the sea voyage from Jerusalem to Rome?

2.    How was Paul spared from being executed by the soldiers?

IV.   Thursday – Acts 28  Malta & Prison in Rome

1.     What was the result of God’s providence in their being stranded on Malta?

2.    How was Paul treated differently than other prisoners in Rome and why?

3.    How is Paul’s ministry in Rome crucial to the future of the church?

V.   Sunday — Philemon

1.     Who was Onesimus?

2.    On what basis did Paul encourage Philemon to accept Onesimus back?

3.    What should the Christian view of slavery be?

 

Answers

I.     Monday — Acts 25 Paul’s Appeal to Caesar

1.     They asked Festus to summon Paul to Jerusalem so that they could ambush him along the way and kill

       him.

2.    They came with complaints that they could not prove, to which Paul defended himself that he had done no

       wrong.

3.    Festus wanted to please the Jews so they would be in his debt knowing turning him over to the Jews

       would end in Paul’s assassination, but Paul said he had done no wrong and it would be wrong for Festus to

       send him to the Jews for an illegitimate trial. So Paul appealed to Caesar. That tied Festus' hands so that

       Paul had to be sent to Rome.

4.    As a Roman citizen, Paul had the right to have his appeal heard by Caesar (Augustus Caesar). As long as

       he remained under the Roman guard he was also under their protection. He may well have known that if he

       returned to Jerusalem that the Jews would plot to ambush him and have him killed.

5.    He had found Paul innocent of every accusation but if he was to send him to Caesar was looking for some

       kind of a charge to justify still holding him.

II.    Tuesday —Acts 26

1.     As king of Jerusalem, he would be well aware of the Jewish beliefs and customs. Paul begins by speaking

       of his actions as a Pharisee in persecuting Christians. He speaks of the hope he had as a Jew of the

       resurrection and that after an encounter with Jesus understood that this was the fulfillment of what the

       Jewish Scriptures teach. As such Paul said he only taught what was consistent with what the OT scriptures

       and prophecies had always taught. He appealed to Agrippa’s knowledge of the OT teachings.

2.    The teaching of the resurrection. This opens the door to speak of who Jesus is. 

3.    The Damascus Road experience.

4.    This may well have been to emphasize to Paul as a Hebrew that he was before the God of Abraham.

5.    That Paul had done nothing wrong and that his presentation of the gospel was pretty clear.

III.   Wednesday — Acts 27 Paul’s Voyage to Rome

1.     At first, there was a lack of winds in the right direction that delayed their travel. This put them into a

       decision to winter over or travel dangerous seas. Against Paul’s warning, they proceeded on and hit violent

       storms eventually losing all but their lives in a shipwreck on Malta. Paul had a visitation from an angel

       saying exactly that would happen 27:24.

2.    Paul had found favor with the centurion and so he commanded that all of the prisoners be spared, the ones

       who could swim to jump overboard and the others to float to shore on something that floated.

IV.  Thursday – Acts 28  Malta & Prison in Rome

1.     Not only were they all saved but Paul was viewed with special powers by the natives as a result of

       surviving a snake bite and then doing many healings among the people.

2.    Paul was allowed to live freely with the presence of a guard while the others were placed in prison. This

       allowed Paul to meet with people and to openly preach the gospel and defend himself against the Jews

       who came to hear him.

3.    Through this Paul had tremendous influence among not only Jews and Gentiles, but in the city of Rome

       and her leaders. This becomes the occasion where the influence of Christianity plays a major role in the

       history of events in Rome.

V.   Sunday — Philemon

1.     He was a runaway slave of Philemon who was converted under Paul in Rome.

2.    On a two-fold basis. The first as a favor connected to Paul’s love for Onesimus, and second, to receive

       Onesimus as a brother in Christ.

3.    Paul desires Philemon to free Onesimus and to view him not as a slave but a brother in the Lord. Note Paul

       does not say that slavery is wrong per se here, but he does discourage it as an institution among

       Christians.