Bible Proficiency Project
Week 36, 9/7 - 9/13, 2020

I.     Monday — Romans 7   Personal Struggle

1.     In what way does Paul equate the Christian’s relation to the law with that of marriage?

2.    What is the Law?

3.    What does it mean in v. 13 that sin might become exceedingly sinful?

4.    It is helpful in verses 14-21 to bracket the phrases “I will to do” and “I will not to do”. What are those talking

       about?

5.    What did Paul say his frustration was?

6.    How did Paul explain the struggle of wanting to do good while also falling prey to sin?

7.    Where did Paul find comfort in this dilemma?

II.    Tuesday —Romans 8 No Condemnation

1.     In what way is the Christian freed from the power of sin according to 8:1?

2.    What does it mean to “walk” according to the Spirit?

3.    What does it mean to be "led by the Spirit of God in 8:14?

4.    What did Paul say about our sufferings now in v.18?

5.    Why is Romans 8:28 a source of hope to the Christian?

6.    According to 8:29 what is the purpose of predestination?

7.    What comfort does Paul’s questions in v. 31 evoke in you?

III.   Wednesday — Romans 9 Predestination

1.     Who is Paul talking about in Romans 9:3?

2.    What did Paul mean in v. 6 when he said they are not all Israel who are of Israel and how is that a warning

       to us?

3.    What controversial doctrine is taught in Romans 9? Why is it controversial?

4.    What example did Paul use to demonstrate that election is unconditional?

5.    What is meant by the word double predestination and where would you point in scripture to show this

       teaching?

6.    What did Paul explain is the reason for why God chooses some and not others in 9:22-24? 

7.    How did Paul explain that the Gentiles received salvation while the Jews were rejected?

 

IV.   Thursday – Romans 10 Faith Through Hearing

1.     Paul’s opening words reveal what about how he feels but also why Israel is not saved?

2.    According to verses 9-10, in what way is the gospel universal, and what is the means for one to be saved?

3.    What is God’s primary ordained means by which one becomes saved according to verse 14?

4.    Where does faith come from according to verse 16?

5.    How important of role then does the church play in how God reveals and calls people to be saved? 

V.    Sunday — Romans 11 Israel’s Future

1.     Did Paul believe that God had completely cast away the Jews from being saved?

2.    What do you think Paul envisioned in 11:11-12?

3.    What did Paul say was the reason why salvation came to the Gentiles?  

4.    What must remember from the illustration of the olive tree?

5.    What attributes of God does this point to according to verse 22?

6.    What should we conclude about the future of the Jewish people from this chapter? 

Answers

 

I.     Monday — Romans 7   Personal Struggle

1.     Paul used this analogy to show how the Christian is released from one’s legal relationship to the law when

       they are married to Christ in the sense that Christ puts to death the binding power of the law SO THAT the

       Christian is now joined to Christ in the newness of the Spirit.

2.    Paul said it is holy and just and good. Man’s problem, however, is our sinful nature reacts to the law by

       breaking it and rendering us dead under the law (v. 10).

3.    The word exceedingly carries the idea of going beyond what is normal. Paul’s point is that sin must be

       viewed for its exceeding horror in contrast to God’s holy nature revealed in His holy law.

4.    Paul “willed to do” God’s will, and he “willed not to do” what was sin.

5.    That while he wanted to do good he found himself sinning.

6.    He explained that our flesh still causes us to fail to resist sin and overcome it all the time, but that at the

       same time, the spirit within our minds does delight in the law and strives to do good.

7.    In the deliverance that comes only through Jesus Christ.

II.    Tuesday —Romans 8 No Condemnation

1.     From condemnation by the Law.

2.    It is the opposite of walking according to the flesh.  In v. 5 Paul explained it is to set your mind on the things

       of the Spirit. That is to be spiritually minded you make an effort in calling upon God, meditating upon His

       Word, and seeking to walk according to His love.

3.    The Christian has his beginning in salvation as a work of the Holy Spirit. Following the new birth, the

       believer is united to Christ and adopted by the Father. 

4.    That when compared to the glory that is coming they become viewed as minor inconveniences.

5.    It reminds us that God uses even suffering in our lives to shape, mold, and prepare us for the good of

       entering heaven.

6.    Predestination speaks of God choosing the Christian to be changed and conformed (to make similar to) to

       the image of His Son.

7.    Based on what follows it draws us to appreciated the extent to which God has gone to guarantee our

       salvation and the depth of the love of God poured out to us in Christ Jesus our Lord.

III.   Wednesday — Romans 9 Predestination

1.     Biological Jews who were given the covenant through Abraham.

2.    Paul understood that not everyone who descended from Abraham would be saved, that only those who

       were elect would be saved and many remained rebellious. In the church today many are not elect and

       remain not converted to Christ.

3.    Predestination and election.  Because people want to assert that they have a free will and God would not

       make the choice for them. They want to be in control rather than see God as in control of all things.

4.    In verses 10-13 he points to God’s choice of Jacob over Esau while the twins were in the womb.

5.    It means that God not only chose who would be saved but also who would not be saved. That is the point

       of verse 18.

6.    That God desired to show Himself as both a God of justice and a God of mercy.

7.    The point of verses 30-32 explains that the Jews chose to pursue righteousness through the works of the

       law but the Gentiles received the gospel through faith in Jesus Christ.

IV.   Thursday – Romans 10 Faith Through Hearing

1.     He desired that the nation of Israel would be saved and have God’s blessing (as we do for America) but

       that the Jew's zeal for religion is not according to knowledge (meaning to understand God’s revelation

       correctly).

2.    The gospel is universal in the sense that it is to be preached to all nations without discrimination. The

       promise is to everyone that whoever calls on the name of the Lord will be saved 10:13. How one comes to

       be saved is through the preaching of the gospel 10:14, 17.

3.    Through the preaching of the gospel.

4.    From hearing the Word of God preached.

5.    The church (God’s people) are the primary means by which God gathers out of the whole human race an

       elect remnant to receive the blessing of life in Christ.

V.    Sunday — Romans 11 Israel’s Future

1.     Not at all. He still believed that there were many Jews (a remnant) who were faithful. The early church was

       predominantly a Jewish-Christian church.

2.    It was in God’s plan where the original covenant was to Abraham and the Jews for the benefit of all

       nations. In that process, the church has moved from being primarily Jewish to a Gentile church, but in the

       end, the Jewish descendants will be grafted back in.

3.    To provoke them to jealousy. That is interesting when you consider human nature. The Jews acted

       uninterested in YHWH so He turns His attention to another but His goal is still to gain the attention of

       Abraham’s seed.

4.    That the root supports the branches and not vice versa. If the Jews can be cut off and Gentile branches

       grafted in, the opposite could also be just as true at some point. So be humble.

5.    The goodness of God in extending salvation to the Gentiles and the severity of God in cutting off the Jews.

6.    It appears that God intends by the end of the age to bring a strong Jewish influence back to covenant

       faithfulness through grace and faith in Jesus as the Messiah.