Bible Proficiency Project
Week 25, 6/22 - 6/26, 2020

Friday / April AD 33

I.     Monday —Matthew 27:27-31, Mark 15:16-20, John 19:1-16 Jesus Sentenced

1.     What is the Praetorium and how many soldiers would be in a garrison?

2.    How are we to view the soldier's mockery of Jesus?

3.    According to John 19:8, what became a concern to Pilate?

4.    What mistaken idea did Pilate have about his authority that is true of most political leaders?

5.    How did the crowd force Pilate’s hand in John 19:12 and how do they show their rejection of God is in total?

II.    Tuesday —  Matthew 27:32-44, Mark 15:21-41, Luke 23:26-49, John 19:17-37  Jesus Crucified (morning)

1.     Who was Simon and where was Cyrene located?

2.    What was the purpose of the sour wine mingled with gall?

3.    Describe who was Jesus crucified alongside and what they did?

4.    What objection did the chief priests express to Pilate and why do you think he responded as he did?

5.    In John’s account what happened when Jesus said on the cross “I thirst” and why, and then what

       happened?

III.   Wednesday — Matthew 27:45-56, Mark 15:33-41, Luke 23:44-49, John 19:28-37  Crucified (afternoon)

1.     What time is from the 6th to the 9th hour and what was going on?

2.    What is the significance of this darkness in connection to Jesus' words in Mt. 27:45?

3.    What final word did Jesus cry out and then die?

4.    What else happened when He died?

5.    Why did the guards not break Jesus’ legs and why is that significant?

IV.   Thursday – Matthew 27:57-61, Mark 15:42-47, Luke 23:50-56, John 19:38-42 Burial (Late Afternoon) 

1.     When and from who would Joseph have sought the body of Jesus?

2.    List everything you learn about Joseph in the Gospels?

3.    What did Joseph do with Jesus’ body?

4.    What help did Joseph have?

V.   Friday — Matthew 27:62-66  Sabbath Day (Saturday – Day 2 in the tomb) 

1.     What did the women who went to the tomb do on the Sabbath day?

2.    What did the Chief Priests do?

3.    What did their request prove they understood?

4.    Why do you think Pilate agreed?

ANSWERS

 

I.     Monday —Matthew 27:27-31, Mark 15:16-20, John 19:1-16 Jesus Sentenced

1.     A praetorium refers to the palace or the fortress of the governor or king. This may have been Herod’s

       palace in west Jerusalem, but probably refers to the fortress of Pilate northwest of the Temple.  A garrison

       was a military unit of about 600 soldiers.

2.    At this point, Jesus, having been convicted assumes our transgressions. In this sense, the mockery and

       scourging He endures rightfully belong to us for our sins and transgressions against God. The flesh looks

       upon this in derision, but in faith, the Christian’s thoughts are elevated to the glory that is now Christ’s as

       God has given Him a name above every name (Phil. 2:8-10).

3.    The Jews had said that Jesus claimed to be the Son of God (albeit falsely) but Pilate suspected that Jesus

       may well be who He claimed to be and wanted no responsibility in putting to death one who is the Son of

       God.

4.    He saw his authority as being within his position and not coming from God.

5.    They threatened to accuse him to Caesar of supporting an enemy of Rome and against Caesar. They then

       went on to say in verse 15 that we have no king but Caesar!

II.    Tuesday —  Matthew 27:32-44, Mark 15:21-41, Luke 23:26-49, John 19:17-37  Jesus Crucified (morning)

1.     He was recruited by the Roman soldiers to carry Jesus’ cross. Simon was from a common pilgrim come for

       the feast from Cyrene which is located on the Mediterranean west of Egypt in Northern Africa. He was the

       father of two boys.

2.    Gall refers to a bitter-tasting liquid from the gall bladder, but here it is probably just a reference to wine

       mingled with bitter-tasting myrrh or vinegar commonly used for an anesthetic to deaden the pain. Jesus

       refuses this so that His senses in enduring the wrath of God and making satisfaction for us were not

       impaired.

3.    Two robbers were crucified alongside Jesus, both observing all that had been going on mocked and

       reviled Him along with the crowd. However, Luke records that at some point one of the robbers rebuked

       the other saying that Jesus had done nothing wrong. But he then says to Jesus Lord, remember me when

       you shall come into Your kingdom. To this Jesus responds that today you will be with Me in Paradise

       indicating that conversion had taken place upon the cross.

4.    They wanted Pilate to change the title he put over Jesus: “Jesus of Nazareth, the King of the Jews” to He

       said He was . . . But Pilate said no. This may be in part because of contempt for Jesus’ accusers and in part

       a suspicion that Jesus may well have been who He claimed to be.

5.    They brought Him a sponge with sour wine and put it to His lips. Then He said it is finished and bowing His

       head, He gave up His spirit.

III.   Wednesday — Matthew 27:45-56, Mark 15:33-41, Luke 23:44-49, John 19:28-37  Crucified (afternoon)

1.     From noon to 3:00 the land was covered with darkness. Jesus had been lifted up about 9:00 and until

       noon the soldiers had carried out their tasks, the crowd and two robbers had poured out ridicule and

       reviled Jesus. But at noon, the height of the sun, darkness falls on the land for three hours (see Amos 8:9).

2.    Darkness is symbolic of judgment and Jesus’ statement, My God, My God why have you forsaken Me

       reveals that at this time of darkness God’s wrath was being poured out upon Jesus as an atonement.

3.    Tetelestai – it is finished!

4.    The Temple veil was torn from top to bottom; there was an earthquake with rocks breaking; many bodies

       of dead saints were resurrected; and the centurion who was standing by the cross seeing all this

       confessed truly this was the Son of God.

5.    John 18:31 –37  Because 6:00 would mark the start of the Sabbath the Jews about mid-afternoon asked

       that the legs be broken so those crucified would die quickly at that point. When they came to Jesus they

       pierced Him with the sword to verify that He was already dead. This is significant that the prophecy of no

       bones would be broken and He would be pierced was fulfilled (it was unusual that one would die this

       quickly).

IV.  Thursday – Matthew 27:57-61, Mark 15:42-47, Luke 23:50-56, John 19:38-42 Burial (Late Afternoon) 

1.     All of this would have happened between 3:00-6:00 so that the body could be laid in the tomb before the

       start of the Sabbath. He needed to receive special permission from Pilate to have Jesus buried in a

       different place from the robbers.  Pilate thought it odd Jesus would already be dead (Mk 15:44) which

       seems to indicate this is pretty close to 3:00.

2.    He was from Arimethea, a disciple of Jesus but secretly because he feared the Jews, a prominent council

       member (Sanhedrin / Pharisee), waiting for the kingdom of God, a good and righteous man, and one who

       did not consent to the council’s decision and actions toward Jesus.

3.    Having received permission Pilate, he took Jesus down off of the cross (Mk 15:46, Lk 23:53), he wrapped

       Him in a new linen cloth, and he laid the body in his own new tomb hewn into a rock and rolled the stone

       over the opening.

4.    John records that Nicodemus joined him and helped prepare the body with about 100 pounds of burial

       spices, and then bound the body with traditional strips of cloth according to the burial custom. The

       Synoptic Gospels record that the women who had been at the cross followed them to see where the tomb

       was.  These included Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of Joses (may have been Jesus’ mother), and

       Luke 23:55 seems to indicate many more women from Galilee.

V.   Friday — Matthew 27:62-66  Sabbath Day (Saturday – Day 2 in the tomb) 

1.     They prepared spices and ointments and rested (Lk 23:56).

2.    They went to Pilate and requested guards to seal the tomb so no one would take the body.

3.    They show they did understand that Jesus said on the third day He would bodily rise from the tomb.

4.    At this point, Pilate would think that Jesus is dead and must have just been a man and not the Son of God.

       At the same time, Pilate would also want peace and would just about give the Jews anything they asked

       regarding Jesus’ body.