Bible Proficiency Project
Week 24, 6/15 - 6/19, 2020

Thursday-Friday / April

I.     Monday — Matthew 26:36-46, Mark 14:32-42, Luke 22:39-46 Garden Prayer

1.     When did this Garden Prayer occur?

2.    Who does Jesus take with Him to hear His prayer and why?

3.    What lesson might be learned from the disciples' failure to stay awake?

4.    What was the distress that Jesus struggled over?

5.    What caused Jesus to end His prayer?

II.    Tuesday —  Matthew 26:47-56, Mark 14:43-52, Luke 22:47-53, John 18:1-11  Jesus Arrested

1.     Who accompanied Judas to arrest Jesus?

2.    How did Judas identify Jesus to the guards?

3.    Explain how Peter responded to Jesus’ arrest foolishly?

4.    What is significant about John 18:6 where Jesus said, “I am He”?

5.    What is the importance of Jesus’ act in John 18:8?

III.   Wednesday — Matthew 26:57-68, Mark 14:53-65, Luke 22:63-71, John 18:12-14, 19-24  Trial (early)

1.     How late in the night would this have been that the scribes and elders would be waiting?

2.    How did the Sanhedrin prepare for Jesus being brought before them?

3.    When Jesus finally responds it is to what charge/question?

4.    What did the High Priest declare Jesus guilty of and deserving of?

5.    What prophecy does Caiaphas proclaim as High Priest?

6.    Who was Annas and what was his role in Jesus’ trial?

IV.   Thursday – Matthew 26:69-75, Mark 14:66-72, Luke 22:54-71, John 18:15-18, 25-27 Peter’s Denial 

1.     What were the circumstances that triggered Peter’s first denial?

2.    In Peter’s second denial how would you explain the apparent discrepancy between whether it was the

       same maid or other men questioning Peter?

3.    What added element is included the third time that leads to Peter’s denial and what was Peter's solution?

4.    What happened immediately after this third denial?

5.    What else besides the rooster crowing does Luke reveal happened?

V.    Friday — Matthew 27:1-26, Mark 15:1-15, Luke 23:1-25, John 18:28-40  Before Pilate (early Friday) 

1.     What happened as the morning arrived?

2.    What was Pilate’s office and why did the Jewish court have to send Jesus to him?

3.    What do we learn about Judas’ fate at this point?

4.    In what way does the charge against Jesus change from the high priest to the one presented to Pilate?

5.    Why did Pilate say he found no fault in Jesus?

6.    What does Jesus tell Pilate about His kingdom and His servants?

7.    What is Pilates’ response to Jesus’ statement about truth and how is that a pattern for the world’s view of

       truth?

8.    When Pilate washed his hands of Jesus condemnation what did the people say?

 

 

Answers 

I.     Monday —Matthew 26:36-46, Mark 14:32-42, Luke 22:39-46 Garden Prayer

1.     Just after the Farewell Discourse and before Jesus’ arrest.

2.    He takes Peter and the two sons of Zebedee  (James and John). It may be concluded that Jesus desired

       for them to understand the depths of the struggle He went through in His soul and the willingness with

       which He submitted unto the Father’s will to offer Himself.

3.    That God calls upon us to be watchful and attentive to the Lord’s doings and that even God engages in a

       sort of struggle that He calls upon His disciples to become engaged in for the sake of the Kingdom of God.

4.    Jesus was keenly aware of how difficult it would be for even He, as the Son of God, to endure the wrath of

       God, and so He prayed if there was any other way. But it was His obedient submission to the will of the

       Father and to the cross that drove Him forward.

5.    He knew Judas was about to arrive and He would be arrested.

II.    Tuesday —  Matthew 26:47-56, Mark 14:43-52, Luke 22:47-53, John 18:1-11  Jesus Arrested

1.     They report a great multitude from the chief priests and elders (the Sanhedrin council). These would have

       been highly trained and armed palace guards. John records that this was a detachment or band of troops

       called a cohort which is 1/10th of a Roman legion, about 600 men in normal conditions.

2.    History records that Judas told the guards the sign would be the One whom he kissed. Luke records Jesus

       as having said, “Judas, do you betray the Son of Man with a kiss?”

3.    John alone records that it was Peter who cut off the ear of Malchus. But Jesus stepped in and admonished

       Peter that this was going according to God’s plan. It was necessary as a step leading to the cross and our

       redemption.

4.    Jesus identified Himself by the covenant name of God Yahweh and the result was the soldiers were

       knocked off their feet. The surprising element here is that they got up and they continued to arrest Jesus.

5.    He is protecting the disciples whose calling it would be to proclaim all of the things that happened within

       the call of the gospel.

III.   Wednesday — Matthew 26:57-68, Mark 14:53-65, Luke 22:63-71, John 18:12-14, 19-24  Trial (early)

1.     Because they brought torches and it was after the upper room supper it must be very late at night and into

       the early morning hours of Friday.

2.    They recruited false witnesses to testify against Jesus, but their witness did not hold up. Finally two

       witnesses accused Jesus of threatening to destroy the Temple and to build it in three days.

3.    When Caiaphas demanded Jesus respond under oath whether Jesus was the Christ, the Son of God, Jesus

       affirmed that He was and soon He would be seen coming on the clouds and seated at the right hand in

       heaven. Allusions to OT prophecy.

4.    Blasphemy which brings death.

5.    John 18:14 – that it was expedient that one man should die for the people.

6.    Annas was father-in-law to Caiaphas and oversaw the initial trial of Jesus that would have gone through

       most of the early morning before sending Jesus bound to Caiaphas at about 6:00 am (see Luke 22:66).

       This being at the break of the morning would explain the rooster crowing.

IV.  Thursday – Matthew 26:69-75, Mark 14:66-72, Luke 22:54-71, John 18:15-18, 25-27 Peter’s Denial 

1.    One of the high priest’s female servants recognized Peter as having been with Jesus (implying as one of

       Jesus’ disciples). Peter responded that he did not know Jesus.

2.    It seems explainable that those who stood around with Peter heard and took up the maid’s charge in

       challenging Peter.

3.    They said surely Peter was one of Jesus’ Galilean followers because he spoke like a disciple. To this, Peter

       began to curse and speak in a way that the disciples would not speak again saying he did not know Jesus.

4.    The rooster crowed evoking to Peter’s recall Jesus’ words that before the rooster crows, Peter would deny

       Him three times.

5.    Jesus turned and looked at Peter so that all of these elements would have borne in on Peter’s conscience.

V.   Friday — Matthew 27:1-26, Mark 15:1-15, Luke 23:1-25, John 18:28-40  Before Pilate (early Friday) 

1.     Those who tried Jesus were determined that He be put to death and bound Jesus and delivered Him to

       Pilate.

2.    Pilate was the Roman governor and only the Roman governor could execute capital punishment (Jn 18:31).

3.    As soon as Judas realized Jesus was condemned he sought to undo his treason by giving back the     

       money.  But they would not take it back so he threw it down and went out and hung himself. Therefore, the

       chief priests used the money to buy grave plots.

4.    The Jews convicted Jesus of blasphemy against God, but the Romans didn’t care about that, so the Jews

       told Pilate that Jesus claimed to be a king for the Jews seeking to overthrow the Romans.  This was a

       capital crime punishable by death.

5.    There were several factors, one was Jesus' unwillingness to defend Himself of the charges, the second

       was that Pilate knew the religious leaders were jealous of Jesus,  and third, Pilate’s wife warned him that

       Jesus was a just man.

6.    First, Jesus explains that His kingdom is not of this world and thus He is not a threat to overthrow worldly

       kingdoms. Second, that His servants/followers are people who hear the truth – the truth of God.

7.    Pilate simply responds in Jn. 18:38 “what is truth?” The world sees all truth as relative and personal.

8.    Let Jesus’ blood be on us and on our children.”