Bible Proficiency Project
Week 18, 5/4 - 5/9, 2020

Holy Week - April AD 33

I.     Monday —  Luke 19:1-27  Parable of the Minas

1.     Describe who Zacchaeus was and what he did to get a glimpse of Jesus.

2.    Do you think Jesus knew Zacchaeus before this day or was there some purpose to the events of Jesus

       summoning of Zacchaeus to come down and host Him for dinner?

3.    What misconception is Jesus addressing with the parable of the ten minas?

4.    What do the minas represent and what is the lesson to be learned about the servant’s use of the minas

       given them?

II.    Tuesday — John 12:1-11 The Anointing in Bethany

1.     What is the purpose of anointing and why is Jesus being anointed at this time?

2.    What does Judas' reaction to this disclose about his character?

3.    Why were there many visitors to Bethany at this time?

4.    How did the Jewish leaders react to people believing in Jesus because of Lazarus?

III.   Wednesday — Matthew 21:1-11, Mark 11:1-11, John 12:12-19  Triumphal Entry

1.     What was the prophetic importance of Jesus riding on a colt that had never been ridden?

2.    What is the significance of the palm branches and garments spread on the road as Jesus approached?

3.    What does the word Hosanna mean (see Psalm 118:25)?

4.    What is the significance of “the multitudes” identifying Him as “Jesus, the prophet from Nazareth of

       Galilee”?

IV.  Thursday – Luke 19:28-44  Jesus Weeps Over Jerusalem

1.     As the multitude of disciples cheer Jesus’ entry into Jerusalem what do the Pharisees call upon Jesus to

       do and why?

2.    How does Jesus emphatically support the disciples’ claim?

3.    As Jesus approaches Jerusalem this last time what does He see?

4.    What is the immediate problem that brings Jesus to tears?

5.    What is coming in the near future that Jesus prophesies here and when is this fulfilled?

V.    Friday — Matthew 21:12-17, Mark 11:15-19, Luke 19:45-48  The Temple Cleansed

1.     On what other occasion did Jesus cleanse the Temple and what does that tell you about how the Jews

       received His rebuke?

2.    Look up the various courts of the Temple and identify where this cleansing would have taken place?

3.    Why did Jesus say they had made the Temple a “den of thieves”?

4.    Where did Jesus and the disciples stay during the Passover?

VI.  Saturday —Matthew 21:18-22, Mark 11:20-26, Luke 11:12-14  The Fruitless Fig

1.     The Temple cleansing would have occurred on Monday, so upon Jesus return to Jerusalem on Tuesday

       He came to a fig tree, and what took place?

2.    How would you explain what seems harsh here given Mark says that it was not the fruit-bearing season?

3.    Do you think Jesus meant that with enough faith one can move a mountain?

Answers

I.     Monday — Luke 19:1-27  Parable of the Minas

1.     He was a prominent, rich tax collector who was very short. He could not see through the crowd so he ran

       ahead of the procession and climbed up in a sycamore tree so that he would see Jesus when He passed

       by.

2.    It appears this is another demonstration of Jesus' divine knowledge and unlikely He knew Zacchaeus

       before this day based on the effort Zacchaeus put into just getting a glimpse of Him. Jesus, as such,

       intended to use this to teach about the nature of salvation (v. 9).

3.    Luke 19:11 puts this in the context of the people of Jerusalem’s belief that Jesus was about to usher in the

       kingdom of God immediately (think Triumphal Entry).

4.    The minas symbolize the gifts given by the master to be used to advance the master’s kingdom. There is

       an overtone here that maybe future as Jesus goes into heaven and will return. In the meantime, those who

       are His servants (those in the church) are not to despise God but seek to be loyal to their calling to

       advance His kingdom.

II.    Tuesday — John 12:1-11 The Anointing in Bethany

1.     Jesus speaks of this anointing as being for His burial in verse 7. The spices used for burial were designed

       to counteract the smell from decomposition.

2.    John speaks in retrospect about Judas, who was highly thought of being entrusted with the disciples’

       treasury, as being a thief who was greedy to see money given to the disciples, but he deceived the others

       by not using it for its intended purpose of helping the poor.

3.    They came not only to see Jesus but also Lazarus who was now famous having been raised from the dead.

       In that account, it said that many believed in Jesus on account of Lazarus' resurrection, and many were still

       coming and believing because of that miracle.  

4.    They not only plotted Jesus’ death but now also planned on how they would kill Lazarus.

III.   Wednesday — Matthew 21:1-11, Mark 11:1-11, John 12:12-19  Triumphal Entry

1.     First, this is the fulfillment of Zechariah 9:9, and secondly, it is also how a newly seated king made his

       entrance into the city.

2.    This too was honor given to a king, and the people acted spontaneously in their rejoicing upon Jesus’

       arrival. Jesus received their honor as He entered, although even yet, the people perceived that He had

       come to establish the kingdom now.

3.    It is a prayer for God to save and to help, to send prosperity.

4.    There are several things to note here. First, these multitudes may predominantly have included the group

       that had come with Jesus for Passover. Thus, there was a certain pride in saying He is our prophet from

       Nazareth in Galilee. Jesus was well known by this identity as it is employed on numerous occasions by

       various people. Most of Jesus’ ministry was likewise in Galilee.

IV.  Thursday – Luke 19:28-44  Jesus Weeps Over Jerusalem

1.     They demanded Jesus rebuke His disciples because they did not believe Jesus was the Messiah and they

       wanted Jesus to deny that He was the King who comes in the name of the LORD.

2.    Jesus said that even if the disciples could be silenced the whole creation would take up the cry.

3.    He sees the unbelief of the people and the future destruction of Jerusalem.

4.    The people are unable to recognize God’s salvation working in their day. They are blind to God’s way of

       salvation and peace through Jesus.

5.    This is a detailed setting forth of the destruction of Jerusalem that occurs in 70 AD at the hands of the

       Roman General Titus. The Jewish historian Josephus traveled with the Roman legions and recorded the

       horrendous events that are described here by Jesus.

V.   Friday — Matthew 21:12-17, Mark 11:15-19, Luke 19:45-48  The Temple Cleansed

1.     Upon Jesus’ first Passover after His baptism, He had cleansed the Temple recorded in John 2:13-22. At

       that time they questioned His authority to cleanse the Temple and required the sign by which He did this

       act. At this time He pointed to His death and resurrection three days later.

2.    There were four courts in all in Herod’s Temple the outermost court being the largest as well as the only

       one that a Gentile could enter. It measured 500 yards by 325 yards and it was here that the selling of

       sacrificial animals and the exchange of currency to temple money was done. The other three inner courts

       were the court of the Jewish women, the court of Jewish men, and the court of the priests.

3.    There were several activities gone awry in this outer court. Gentile believers were only allowed in this area

       and having come to worship the focus on commerce was a great distraction from their ability to worship.

       Also, the merchants determined what qualified as a sacrificially pure animal worthy to be sacrificed. Of

       course, they sold such animals and the typical practice was to reject a pure animal brought for worship only

       to then be sold a certified animal that was inferior. The same thing went for the exchange rates on foreign

       money. Only temple coin could be used in the temple, but the exchange rates were exorbitant and took

       advantage of the travelers coming from other areas.

4.    In Bethany over the Mount of Olives about two miles away.

VI.  Saturday —Matthew 21:18-22, Mark 11:20-26, Luke 11:12-14  The Fruitless Fig

1.     The fig tree had no fruit on it, only leaves, so He cursed it and it withered and died.

2.    The simplest way to understand would be that Jesus intended this as an opportunity to teach the disciples 

       a lesson about faith. One might think the imagery lends itself to fruitlessness, but the lesson is that if one

       has faith then things will happen as requested. The element of surprise on the part of the disciples was that

       the tree died so quickly in response to Jesus’ cursing of it.

3.    This kind of language is used often in the exaggerated sense, but here it may be more metaphorical as the

       Apostles will go on to impact the whole world with the gospel. So the lesson may well be one of doing

       great and even miraculous things in confident faith that God hears our prayers.